6-Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism With Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Discover six effective natural remedies for hypothyroidism, along with in-depth insights into symptoms, causes, and traditional treatment options. Explore how dietary changes, herbal supplements, lifestyle modifications, essential oils, acupuncture, and mind-body therapies can support thyroid health naturally.

What Is Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism is a medical condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, which fails to produce sufficient thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland in the front of the neck produces hormones that regulate metabolism, energy levels, body temperature, and other vital functions.

When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, it can lead to a variety of symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, dry skin, constipation, and depression. These symptoms can vary in severity from person to person and may develop gradually over time.

Various factors including autoimmune diseases, thyroid surgery, radiation therapy, certain medications, iodine deficiency, or congenital issues can cause hypothyroidism. Autoimmune thyroiditis, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in developed countries.

Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism

Table of Contents

Causes Of Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism can be caused by a variety of factors, including.

Autoimmune Diseases: The most common cause of hypothyroidism in developed countries is autoimmune thyroiditis, also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. In this condition, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and impaired thyroid function.

Thyroid Surgery or Radiation Therapy: Surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland, or radiation therapy to the neck area, can damage the thyroid gland and impair its ability to produce hormones.

Medications: Certain medications, such as lithium (used to treat bipolar disorder), amiodarone (used to treat heart rhythm problems), and some cancer treatments, can interfere with thyroid hormone production.

Iodine Deficiency: Iodine is an essential nutrient required for the production of thyroid hormones. An iodine deficiency can lead to hypothyroidism, although this is rare in countries where iodine is routinely added to salt and other food sources.

Congenital Issues: Some babies are born with hypothyroidism due to a defect in the thyroid gland or a lack of thyroid hormone production.

Pituitary Gland Disorders: In some cases, hypothyroidism can result from disorders of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus, which are parts of the brain that regulate hormone production. These disorders can disrupt the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is needed to stimulate the thyroid gland.

Infiltrative Diseases: Rarely, conditions such as amyloidosis or sarcoidosis can infiltrate the thyroid gland and impair its function.

Genetics: Genetics can indeed play a role in the development of hypothyroidism. Some individuals may inherit genetic mutations that predispose them to thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism. These genetic factors can influence the structure and function of the thyroid gland, as well as the body’s immune response to the thyroid tissue.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism can manifest through a variety of symptoms, which may vary in severity among individuals. Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism include.

Fatigue: Feeling exhausted, even after getting enough sleep or rest.

Weight Gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight, despite maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen.

Cold Intolerance: Feeling unusually sensitive to cold temperatures, with cold hands and feet or difficulty staying warm.

Dry Skin and Hair: Dry, rough, or flaky skin, as well as brittle hair that may become thin or coarse.

Constipation: Difficulty passing stool or experiencing infrequent bowel movements.

Muscle Weakness and Aches: Weakness in the muscles, along with muscle aches, cramps, or stiffness.

Joint Pain: Aching or stiffness in the joints, often accompanied by swelling or discomfort.

Depression and Mood Changes: Feelings of sadness, depression, or irritability, along with changes in mood or emotional well-being.

Memory Problems: Difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, or experiencing mental “fogginess.”

Menstrual Irregularities: Irregular or heavier-than-usual menstrual periods in women, or cessation of menstrual cycles (amenorrhea).

Hoarse Voice: Changes in the voice, including hoarseness or a deepening of the voice.

Swelling: Swelling or puffiness, particularly around the face, eyes, hands, or feet.

Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism:

The diagnosis of hypothyroidism typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Here’s how it’s generally diagnosed.

Medical History and Physical Examination: Your healthcare provider will begin by asking about your symptoms, medical history, and any family history of thyroid disorders. They will also conduct a physical examination to check for signs of hypothyroidism, such as dry skin, swelling, or changes in reflexes.

Thyroid Function Tests: The primary laboratory tests used to diagnose hypothyroidism are blood tests that measure levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T4). High levels of TSH and low levels of T4 are indicative of primary hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland itself is not producing enough hormones. In some cases, additional tests such as free T4 (FT4) or triiodothyronine (T3) may be ordered to evaluate thyroid function further.

Antibody Tests (if indicated): If autoimmune thyroiditis, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, is suspected, antibody tests may be performed to detect the presence of antibodies that attack the thyroid gland. These antibodies include thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb).

Imaging Studies (in certain cases): In some situations, imaging studies such as ultrasound or thyroid scan may be recommended to evaluate the structure and function of the thyroid gland, particularly if there are nodules or other abnormalities detected during physical examination or blood tests.

Clinical Evaluation: Diagnosis of hypothyroidism also involves considering the overall clinical picture, including symptoms, laboratory results, and any underlying conditions or medications that may affect thyroid function. This comprehensive evaluation helps healthcare providers determine the cause and severity of hypothyroidism and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism

Traditional Treatment for Hormone Hypothyroidism:

One of the traditional treatment methods for hypothyroidism is synthetic hormone replacement therapy. This involves taking synthetic thyroid hormone medication to supplement the deficient thyroid hormone levels in the body. The most commonly prescribed synthetic thyroid hormone is levothyroxine, which is a synthetic form of the hormone thyroxine (T4).

Synthetic hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most common and well-studied approach to address hormonal imbalances.  Here’s a breakdown of what it involves:

What are Synthetic Hormones:

Synthetic hormones are lab-made hormones that mimic the structure and function of the natural hormones produced by your body. They are not identical to your body’s hormones but have similar effects.

Common synthetic hormones used in HRT include:

  • Estrogen (for women)
  • Progesterone (for women)
  • Testosterone (for men and women)

How is HRT Delivered:

HRT comes in various forms to suit individual needs and preferences.  These include.

Oral tablets: This is the most common way to take HRT medications.
Skin patches: These patches are applied to the skin and release hormones steadily throughout the day.
Gels and creams: Topical applications are often used for localized effects, such as vaginal estrogen cream for vaginal dryness.
Sprays: Similar to gels and creams, sprays offer localized application.
Vaginal rings: These rings release hormones slowly into the vagina.

Benefits of Synthetic HRT:

HRT can effectively manage a variety of symptoms associated with hormonal imbalances.  Here are some common uses:

  • Menopause: HRT helps alleviate symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, and mood swings.
  • Andropause (male menopause): Testosterone replacement can address symptoms like decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, and fatigue in men with low testosterone.
  • Hypothyroidism: Synthetic thyroid hormone (levothyroxine) is the mainstay treatment for an underactive thyroid.
  • Birth control: Combination birth control pills contain synthetic estrogen and progestin to prevent pregnancy and regulate menstrual cycles.

Risks and Considerations:

While HRT is generally safe and effective for many people, it’s important to discuss potential risks and side effects with your doctor.  These can vary depending on the type and dosage of hormones used, along with your individual health history.  Some potential concerns include.

  • Increased risk of blood clots
  • Breast cancer risk (with certain types of HRT)
  • Endometrial cancer risk (addressed with combined estrogen and progesterone therapy)
  • Gallstones
  • Headaches
  • Breast tenderness

Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism:

While there’s no cure for hypothyroidism, and medication is the primary treatment, certain Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism can help manage symptoms and support overall well-being alongside conventional medicine. Let’s explore some of the options you mentioned.

Dietary Changes:

  • Selenium-rich foods: Selenium is crucial for thyroid hormone metabolism. Brazil nuts, seafood (tuna, sardines), organ meats, and muscle meats are good sources.
  • Iodine-rich foods: Iodine is a building block of thyroid hormones. Include dairy products, seaweed, and iodized salt in moderation (if not contraindicated by other health conditions).
  • Anti-inflammatory diet: Consider reducing processed foods, sugar, and unhealthy fats, which can worsen inflammation and potentially impact thyroid function.
  • Gluten-free diet: Some studies suggest a link between gluten sensitivity and autoimmune thyroid issues. If you suspect gluten sensitivity, discuss a gluten-free trial with your doctor.

Herbal Supplements:

  • Ashwagandha: Early research suggests it might improve thyroid function in mild cases, but more studies are needed.
  • Vitamin B Complex: Low B vitamins are common in hypothyroidism. B complex supplements may help, but consult your doctor to avoid exceeding recommended dosages.
  • Zinc: Some research indicates zinc may affect thyroid function, but more evidence is needed.

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Stress management: Chronic stress can worsen hypothyroidism symptoms. Relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing can be helpful.
  • Regular exercise: Aim for moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week to improve energy levels and overall health.
  • Adequate sleep: Strive for 7-8 hours of quality sleep each night to support thyroid hormone regulation.

Essential Oils:

Certain essential oils, such as frankincense, myrrh, and sandalwood, are believed to have properties that may support thyroid function or help manage symptoms. These oils can be used aromatically or topically after dilution with a carrier oil.


Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine practice involving the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body, is sometimes used to alleviate symptoms of hypothyroidism and promote overall well-being. While some people report benefits from acupuncture, more research is needed to establish its effectiveness for hypothyroidism specifically.

Mind-Body Therapies:

Mind-body therapies like tai chi, qigong, and biofeedback may help reduce stress, improve relaxation, and support overall health, including thyroid function. These practices focus on integrating the mind, body, and spirit to promote holistic wellness.

FAQs about Hypothyroidism

A1: Natural remedies can be safe and effective for some individuals, but it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new treatment regimen.

A2: While dietary changes can support thyroid health, they may not be sufficient on their own to manage hypothyroidism. It’s essential to work with a healthcare provider to develop a comprehensive treatment plan.

A3: Herbal supplements can interact with medications and have potential side effects, so it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any supplements.

A4: The timeframe for seeing results can vary depending on the individual and the specific remedies used. It’s essential to be patient and consistent with treatment.

A5: Acupuncture may help regulate hormone levels and alleviate symptoms of hypothyroidism, but individual responses can vary. It’s best to consult with a qualified practitioner for personalized recommendations.

Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism

-Please remember, to always consult with healthcare professionals or Doctors for personalized advice related to medical conditions.


While synthetic hormone replacement therapy is the standard treatment for hypothyroidism, many individuals seek alternative approaches to manage their symptoms and support thyroid health naturally. From dietary changes and herbal supplements to lifestyle modifications and mind-body therapies, various natural remedies may offer benefits for individuals with hypothyroidism. However, it’s essential to approach these remedies with caution and consult with a healthcare provider to ensure safety and effectiveness.

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